the north face canada Information on the Northern Cardinal
These beautiful birds are sexually dimorphic, meaning the male and female look different. Both have a similar shape and both have a crest of feathers on top of their heads. However, the males are bright red with a black mask on their face and the females are light brown with a reddish tinge on their crests, wings and tails. Adults are 8 to 9 inches in length, have a wingspan measuring between 10 to 12 inches and weigh about 1.5 to 1.7 ounces. The cardinal bird is normally monogamous, meaning it will pair up with one mate. The pair will remain with each other year round and may continue breeding together for several seasons. Females lay an average of three eggs, one egg every 24 hours. When the clutch is complete, she will incubate the eggs for 11 to 13 days. The male and female care for the chicks. The chicks are primarily fed soft bodied larvae like caterpillars. In roughly 10 days, the chicks will leave the nest but will continue depending on the parents for another month or two. Females normally raise two to three broods per season. Eggs and nestlings are vulnerable to predation by small mammals, snakes and birds.