the north face trainers Everything you need to know about the North Korea situation
By Alexandra Field, Sherisse Pham, Steven Jiang, Brad Lendon and Janie Octia CNN(CNN) What are the chances of a peaceful resolution between US and North Korea? Is a war really imminent? How do people in South Korea and Japan feel about the situation?As tensions between North Korea and the US continue to escalate, CNN hosted a live chat on the messaging app LINE. More than 100,000 people tuned in to have their most pressing questions answered by four CNN reporters:Alex Field in SeoulSherisse Pham in TokyoSteven Jiang in BeijingBrad Lendon in Hong KongCan you give us a brief background on the latest in North Korea?BRAD: North Korea has been rapidly improving its missile program and in July tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) with what analyses showed to be the range to hit the mainland United States. North Korea also possesses nuclear warheads. While we don’t know if they can successfully mount a nuclear warheads on one of their ICBMs now, they are certainly closing in on that goal.US President Donald Trump has said this would be an unacceptable situation for US security. The US has responded to North Korean missile tests and threats by putting on military shows of force of its own, including flying B 1 bombers over the Korean Peninsula.In the past few days, the threats and rhetoric between Trump and North Korea have been heating up. Earlier this week, Trump warned that North Korea would “face fire and fury like the world has never seen” if Pyongyang keeps threatening the US. In response, North Korea said it is “seriously examining a plan” to launch a missile strike targeting an area near the US territory of Guam.As the closest countries to North Korea, what’s the mood like in South Korea, Japan and China?ALEX: People in South Korea have been living under threats from North Korea for decades. 35 miles from the city of Seoul, North Korea has a range of weapons along the DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) that could do devastating damage and cost thousands of lives.They’re used to bellicose rhetoric from the North Korean regime and they tend to take it in stride. But, there’s a clear sense that North Korea has made advancements that would allow the regime to threaten not just regional security but global security and that heightens risks all around.As the US engages in a war of words with North Korea, officials in Seoul are looking for a peaceful resolution for the tension. One official from the Blue House, South Korea’s presidential office, says he doesn’t think a crisis is imminent but he says it’s true that North Korean provocations have made the situation on the peninsula very serious.Recently, the South Korean president has been backing measures to increases the country’s defenses. To achieve that, he’s seeking cooperation from South Korea’s ally, the United States. It was a big topic of a recent phone call between the two presidents last week and it was a matter discussed with US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson when he visited the region earlier this week.One of the first steps South Korea is taking is to revise its missile agreement with the US. The government here wants to increase the payload its missiles are currently allowed to carry. The goal here is defense and deterrence.SHERISSE: There is a growing sense of discomfort here in Japan about the threat posed by North Korea. This war of words between the US and North Korea comes at a very sensitive time for the country.This week marks the 72nd anniversary of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A ceremony to commemorate the bombing of Nagasaki happened just yesterday and it was a strong reminder that Japan is the only country to have suffered atomic attacks.Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said at that ceremony that it is Japan’s duty to work ceaselessly in pursuit of a world without nuclear weapons. There’s a strong pacifist vein that runs through the public here, people on the streets of Tokyo telling CNN that they don’t want war and there must be another way to deal with North Korea.STEVEN: The Chinese public appears divided on the issue and many say their government feels stuck between a rock and a hard place. Since all media outlets are state controlled, news coverage on this issue though extensive usually toe the government line by criticizing North Korea for its behavior while also highlighting Pyongyang’s legitimate security concern.There are many critical or derisive voices online on Pyongyang’s fiery words and belligerent actions. But there are also plenty of Chinese commenters online who are supportive or even elated to see Pyongyang “stand up to the world’s No. 1 bully,” namely the US, as many Chinese feel the US is also trying to contain a rising China on the global stage.As North Korea’s only global ally, Beijing provides Pyongyang with an economic lifeline. While it certainly doesn’t want to see a nuclear North bring instability its backyard, China still views the North as a strategic buffer between itself and South Korea, where the US maintains a large military presence.Beijing also fears a massive refugee crisis on its doorstep if the Pyongyang regime collapses. That’s why some analysts say, between a nuclear North Korea (something people increasingly accept) and a collapsed one, Beijing might prefer the former.The United Nations Security Council recently imposed sanctions on North Korea. What does this mean for Pyongyang?ALEX: If fully enforced, the sanctions would largely target the revenue generated by North Korea’s biggest exports iron, coal, seafood to name a few. It’s estimated they’d see the $3 billion revenue generated by those exports slashed by about a billion dollars.The goal of sanctions is to cut of the resources that help fund illicit activities inside North Korea. US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson says the sanctions should lead North Korea to choose a better path by relinquishing its nuclear weapons program.But Kim Jong Un has made it clear that he’s not willing to negotiate on the weapons program. He sees it as central to the survival of his regime an essential deterrent that protects North Korea against an attack.